AI presents tremendous opportunity for advancements in technology and society. It’s revolutionizing how organizations create value and it is expected to affect global productivity, equality and inclusion, environmental outcomes, and several other areas, both in the short and long term. Integrated with robotics solutions, AI has a big role to play in resource optimization and reduction of energy consumption and CO2 emissions.
However, reported potential impacts of AI indicate both positive and negative impacts on sustainable development. A review by Nature Communications shows that AI may act as an enabler on 134 targets (79%) across all SDGs, generally through a technological improvement, which may allow to overcome certain present limitations. However, 59 targets (35%, also across all SDGs) may experience a negative impact from the development of AI.
Vinuesa, R., Azizpour, H., Leite, I. et al. The role of artificial intelligence in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals. Nat Commun 11, 233 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-14108-y